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AFRI - Abstracts

  • Towards a "Europe puissance" or just intergovernmental cosmetics

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par WESSELS Wolfgang - 2006
    From the beginnings of the European integration process, the reinforcement of the part of Europe as a world actor has been a recurring expression : the dispositions of the Constitution Treaty on CFSP thus mark a constitutional cornerstone. It is then relevant to proceed to a debate in order to determine whether this text is a constitutional leap, and to what extent, or whether it is another version of a still more refined intergovernmentalism, that would limit the European Union’s capacity (...)
  • New American practices in the field of legitimate defense ?

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par WECKEL Philippe - 2006
    With the doctrine of preventive legitimate defense, the United States support a specific enforcement of the right to do self-justice. The theory of « anticipatory » action, if it is not extended to « potential » threats, but really restricted to « imminent » threats, seems compatible with an evolving interpretation of legitimate defense. The true difficulties raised by the American policy rather reside in its enforcement. How can the certainty and the inevitability of a future aggression be (...)
  • The strategic illogic of preventive war

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par WALT Stephen - 2006
    Between outspoken will and real will, the American strategy does rest on the preventive war doctrine, even if the Bush Administration prefers to name it « preemption », on order to give it a more legitimate appearance. If the apparition of such a strategy can be explained in reaction to September 11th, the Bush doctrine ignores the contemporary strategic context, and neglects the main characteristics of the current international system as the persistence of fierce nationalism. As a concept, (...)
  • For a theory of the diplomatic discourse

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par VILLAR Constanze - 2006
    Presupposing the concept of discourse (factitiveness, interactivity, contextuality and intertextuality), the diplomatic discourse is analysed in its specificity, that is as a set of structures and procedures, being its « diplomaticity ». Two specific features are identified as necessary and relevant, namely its ambiguity and obliqueness. Ambiguity is what conditions any diplomatic manoeuvre ; obliqueness is the way it operates. They both function on the semantic and pragmatic level. Two (...)
  • The impact of the war in Iraq on the American political scene

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par VERGNIOLLE DE CHANTAL François - 2006
    The Iraqi question does not occupy the same space in media and politics in Europe and in the United States. Whereas Europeans were still debating over the legitimacy of the American intervention, the war in Iraq has occupied a relatively unimportant space in the American presidential campaign. The war had been well sold, its calendar had been efficiently set ; the sinking and the tortures have not been enough to alter the image of a determined President, the only shield against terrorism. (...)
  • Political responsibility on the international scene

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par VANACHTER Jérôme - 2006
    The finality of this paper is not to analyse the principle of political responsibility in all of is dimensions. To opt for such a perspective would require developments that would go beyond the context of this work. This is why the author of this paper preferred to try and shed light not on the use or the praxis of political responsibility as it is conceived today, as it belongs to specific philosophies of action, that answer to contradictory power logics, but on the intellectual and (...)
  • The Artemis prototype of multinational organization and the diversification of European military action

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par VAHLAS Alexis - 2006
    The Artemis operation in the Democratic Republic of Congo binds two international organizations together (the United Nations Organization, the European Union), as well as one of the member States (France), as a pillar of multinational action. Because of this, it is an unseen triptych. The success of this three-head hydra resides in a strict separation of tasks between the three actors : while the United Nations took care of asking for and giving capacity to the Artemis operation, the (...)
  • Developing countries and the Washington Consensus

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par UZINIDIS Dimitri - 2006
    The Seventies were characterized by the locking of accumulation, high inflation and debt. The monetary policies implemented in industrial countries were associated to the enforcement of an austerity treatment in developing countries. These restrictive measures, linked to the liberalization and the opening of national markets to international flows of goods and capital, were grouped together and synthesized in the « Washington Consensus ». Its implementation in many South countries (beginning (...)
  • Forty years after, IPS

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par TUPPER Patricio - 2006
    International Press Service (IPS) was set up in Rome in 1964 by a group of journalists from Europe and Latin America headed by the Italian-Argentine journalist Roberto Savio. Founded with the goal of providing a different view of Latin America and Europe, IPS has become a Third World and development news agency. From its very beginning, forty years ago, IPS was « different » : it had been created as a nonprofit entity - it was the only international journalist cooperative and has become today (...)
  • Of the correct use of the reform of Palestinian institutions

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par TRÉGAN François-Xavier - 2006
    Since September 2000, the reform of Palestinian institutions dominates the second Intifada. The Palestinian institutions’ failure to reform is alleged to be at the origin of the collapse of the peace process, and of the security built-up between the two main protagonists. The United States, in the aftermath of « September 11 », have relayed the Israeli analysis and spread that reform process to the entire Arab world. Far from only preparing the resuming of political talks between Israelis and (...)

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