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AFRI - Abstracts

  • American media as an anti-model

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par MATHIEN Michel - 2006
    This paper is the continuation of these of the last year. When covering the international crisis of the « war in Iraq », the US and British mass media have forgotten their high professional principles which have given the pattern of the functions of the press and of the journalism in our modern history. During the « Iraqi crisis », the main mass media of this country and those of the United Kingdom failed to their usual duty. Now, the time is to criticize their practice in such a situation of (...)
  • Cryptology and international relations

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par MAXIMOFF Ivan - 2006
    Cryptology has experienced a major liberalization in most States during the last decade. This development has been mainly motivated by business considerations related to the e-commerce. However, cryptology remains, as it was in the past, a highly strategic field for some nations. Intelligence services and their intercepting skills have a major role to play faced with new asymmetrical threats, and encrypting products can make this tapping completely useless. Thus, in spite of actual (...)
  • Both Europes within the European Union : cohabitation or coexistence

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par MILANOV Milan - 2006
    The European Union with its 25 Member States constitutes already an unprecedented success and a guarantee for a victorious future perspective. This fact, however, is leading also a considerable complexity of problems, as well as tensions and troubles in the big European family. A serious reason for these problems is the presence in the EU of at least two different socio-political, economic and cultural realities - the one of the Western Europe and the other of Central and Eastern Europe. (...)
  • The Russian-Chechen War, an Endless Conflict

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par MINASSIAN Gaïdz - 2006
    The Russian-Chechen war is far from being over ; it is relevant task oneself about the mechanisms of such a situation : why does not the intensity of this conflict decrease ? The conflict is based on the opposition between logic of power and logic of values, yet this double electric shock does not explain everything. The Russian-Chechen war echoes a matrix based on a specific representation of the relationship between space and time : on a spatial axis, the Russians and the Chechens answer (...)
  • Security cooperations tackling transnational crime in Central Asia

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par MONTANARO-JANKOVSKI Lucia - 2006
    In Central Asia, beyond tension over ethnic, gas or water disputes, low intensity conflicts against Islamic terrorists and drug traffickers are posing increasing threats to the security of the West. Thousands of weapons of mass destruction are poorly controlled in the region, giving rise to fears that terrorists will steal them. These Islamic terrorists groups are expanding, adapting and changing rapidly, joining forces and increasing their drug trafficking. Central Asia has indeed become a (...)
  • Justice for Saddam Hussein

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par MOURTADA SABBAH Nada - 2006
    This article deals with the various questions of judicial policy raised by the prospects of a Saddam Hussein trial, which are of international concern, A Special Iraqi Tribunal has been chosen, the accusations have been raised, and the process has begun. Nevertheless, their content, the judicial procedure, the venue and the development of the trial : the independence and impartiality of the judges, the rights of defence, the risks of a judicial show, its length and its conclusion, and the (...)
  • Medias in the doldrums during the Haiti crisis

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par OLLIVIER Bruno - 2006
    This article examines the representations given by the press of the events which shook Haiti before President Aristide’s departure from the island. It observes how the Caribbean medias, if they don’t only work with the dispatches of international agencies, could approach them. This work is based on a corpus of articles published between December 5, 2003 and March 13, 2004. After having evoked some data relating to Haiti, it describes the methods of work of the foreign journalists in Haiti (...)
  • Peacekeeping and strengthening in African post-colonies

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par ONANA Mamert Lié - 2006
    The key to conflict settlement and exiting crises in Africa resides in the faculty of disarming belligerents and reinserting them into a normalised social life. The particular African context makes this process an especially difficult one ; moreover, it is undermined by mutually exclusive individual interests. The role of international organisation, the UN in particular, proves to be decisive, even if different approaches are necessary. Bilateral conflict settlement may prove to be, in this (...)
  • The United States and NATO

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par PARMENTIER Guillaume - 2006
    Considering the Iraq crisis in 2003, it is legitimate to ask oneself whether NATO is still an alliance, in the classical meaning of the word. The Bush Administration has favored a one-time coalition over the traditional Atlantic alliance. Yet the Iraqi case only revealed a progressive evolution of the American standpoint on NATO, since the failed interventions in Kosovo, and including the rejection of the help NATO offered in the aftermath of September 11th. Using a historical reminder, the (...)
  • Technology at the core of European policy

    AFRI 2005, volume VI
    par PASCO Xavier - 2006
    In May 1998, the European Commission adopted a program entitled “Global Monitoring for Environment and Security” (GMES), with the objective of establishing a comprehensive capacity for observing and reviewing the environment, in order to assess the risks related to human activities. Initially intended for the sole environmental security questions, GMES is widening its range to include more general security matters, thus acquiring a military dimension, which by the way is made explicit by its (...)

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