Looking back allows us to see that relations between France and the US are regularly punctuated by phases of disagreement and reconciliation. The current « reconciliation » period could lead us to believe that the 2003 crisis is really over. In reality, transatlantic history has been plagued by successive ups and downs. It would be illusory to believe that the current thaw, which can be explained by a sort of « grandeur fatigue » in France and a « war fatigue » in the US, will last for long. Structural elements are likely to plunge both countries back into a new crisis. Instead, France and the US should try to agree to disagree and work together to avoid inevitable future crises.