The agreement to adapt the CFE Treaty along Conventional European Forces

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The process of adaptation of the CFE treaty (1996-1999) was one of the most complex disarmament negotiations in history. Without compromising the gains from the CFE treaty of 1990 which limits conventional arms deployment from the Atlantic to the Ural, the adapted treaty will take into account the strategic changes experienced in Europe as a result of the disintegration of the Soviet Camp. A major area of arms reduction concerns the countries of the former Warsaw Pact, in particular Russia, which, in consideration of its military intervention in Chechnya will encounter difficulties in conforming. Among the major changes accorded by the agreement dated 19 of November 1999, is the decision to replace the bloc-to-bloc structure of the original treaty with a new system of limitation based on national and territorial ceilings, as well a reinforcement of the system of verification. – Summary AFRI-2001