What lasting training can be given to African journalists ? What method can be adopted ? In situ training seems promising, though it is expensive. This training strategy makes trainers settle within an editorial staff service and be the everyday companions, on the field, of their. trainees. Two experiments financed by the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) were undertaken in Africa, one with some radio operators in Burkina Faso, the other with several newspapers in both Congo lands (Kinshasa and Brazzaville). A professional way to act and think for journalism schools !