Dis-integration of forces, and conflicts by coalition : towards a substantial

The Atlantic Alliance is faced with a major evolution since 9-11. The widening of NATO’s missions has represented a fundamental cause of evolution. The announced withdrawal of a substantial part of US troops from Europe reveals a solidarity decline implied by the Atlantic Alliance, and a re-orientation toward war coalition. Thus, the European perception on the Transatlantic link, its own defence and its future involvements, are becoming increasingly different from the US vision about NATO, as an ad hoc system leaded by the main power. European security ambitions (in accordance with an Atlantic model based on reciprocity and collegial decision) are more and more opposite to Washington which, by reducing the level of its military integration in NATO, has capabilities to maximize its support. – Summary AFRI-2005