The UN and the Iraqi crisis

The Iraqi crisis from September 2002 to March 2003, and its aftermath, is the result of the impossible settlement of the after-Gulf War, as well as the dead ends of the disarmament process and the humanitarian aspects of UN action in Iraq. This crisis also reflects a new form of American supremacy on the international stage. In September 2002, confronted to these blockades of the Iraq dossier at the UN and to the strengthening of Saddam Hussein’s power, the United States wanted to force the events first through the UN Security Council, then in a more unilateral way (operation « Free Iraq ») to change the Iraqi regime. But the aftermath became more difficult to handle that the war itself, won in three weeks. The American will to retain the full control over the political, economic and security Iraqi reconstruction process does not allow the UN to play the « crucial role » decided by the UN Security Council resolutions 1483 et 1511. This leads to the persistence of the divisions between the UN Security Council members for shaping the future of Iraq. – Summary AFRI-2004