Lebanese crises

Abstract

In spring 2005, the double gap left by the murder of the former Prime Minister Rafic Hariri and the withdrawal of Syrian troops from the territory has confronted Lebanon with two major challenges: redefining its relations with its regional environment and recomposing powers on a national scale. Since then, Lebanese crises have been articulated on three crucial questions: that of the community repartition of political power; that of implementing a Court of international nature to rule over political murders since February 2005, and that of disarming “Lebanese and non-Lebanese militias”. Internationalizing the Lebanese issue, far from facilitating its solution, has reinforced domestic disagreements, who feed on tensions amongst the various countries in the area and their allies on the international stage. The political crisis has thus evolved since the end of the war in summer 2006 into a real dead end, which has notably resulted in the paralysis of State institutions and the failure to elect a President of the Republic before the end of the constitutional period in November 2007.

AFRI 2008 Summary